• Ashley Slimak

Indica, Sativa and Hybrids: What Is The Difference Between These Strains?


There are hundreds of different strains that have been recognized by the cannabis community. Every strain of marijuana will have slightly different effects compared to the next. This is all thanks to a distinct mixture of compounds found within the cannabis plant including CBD, THC, additional cannabinoids, terpenes and more.


At the most basic level, there are three different types of marijuana plants: sativa, indica and hybrids. The idea is that strains categorized in each of these groups will provide effects more similar to one another than to the strains in the other groups.


Indica Strains

Indica strains are usually produced with lower THC and higher CBD counts, meaning that these strains are best used to help promote muscle relaxation, mental relaxation, decrease nausea, alleviate pain, increase appetite and are most often utilized for evening time use to aid with insomnia. Indica plants are typically shorter and bushier plants with wide leaves, in comparison to the sativa plant.


The most common terpenes found in indica strains include linalool, limonene, myrcene and terpinolene.

Sativa Strains

Compared to indica strains, sativas are produced with lower CBD and higher THC counts, meaning sativa strains are best used to help alleviate anxiety, depression, chronic pain, increase creativity and focus and are most often used for daytime use. Sativa plants are typically thin and tall plants containing narrow leaves, and are generally a lighter shade of green compared to the indica plant.


The most common terpenes found in sativa strains include pinene, caryophyllene and limonene.

Hybrid Strains

Lastly, there are a wide range of marijuana strains that are a cross between indica and sativa strains. Hybrids can be broken down into three basic categories: sativa-dominant hybrids, even hybrids and indica-dominant hybrids. Let’s take a closer look at the difference between these three types:

  • Sativa-dominant Hybrids: Produces a cerebral high with a relaxing body effect that helps provide physical and mental relief.

  • Even Hybrids (50/50): These strains are ideal for patients who are seeking the perfect balance of head and body relief.

  • Indica-dominant Hybrids: Provides a relaxing head high with full-body pain relief. Mostly recommended for evening or nighttime use to go to sleep, or daytime relief from minor pain, these strains are perfect for patients who suffer from depression and insomnia and all types of autoimmune diseases.


Recently, Virginia lawmakers passed legislation that will allow the sale of cannabis flower at dispensaries and is expected to take effect later this year. Follow us on social media or subscribe to our blog to stay up-to-date with the latest news!

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