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  • Jennifer Betz

What You Need to Know About Legally Growing Your Own Marijuana Plants in Virginia

Updated: Jan 17, 2022

Growing Marijuana in Virginia

The VA Adult-Use Bill Legalized Home Cultivation. Here's What You Need to Know.

The recent changes to adult-use marijuana laws in Virginia have created a bit of confusion surrounding what's legal and what isn't, when it comes to cannabis. While it's now legal to possess up to one ounce of non-medical marijuana, it remains illegal to purchase cannabis products without a Virginia marijuana card until 2024.

While there are plenty of other benefits to having a VA marijuana card besides better access to legal, regulated cannabis products, you don’t need one in order to bypass the dispensary by growing your own marijuana plants.

On April 7, 2021, the Virginia Legislature passed adult-use legislation that, among other things, allows all Virginia residents 21 and older to cultivate up to four marijuana plants for personal use. This means that green thumbs in the Commonwealth can enjoy their own homegrown buds, so long as they can get the seeds and have the space to grow.

In this post, we are going to take a look at how to get started growing your own marijuana plants in Virginia, and what the new adult-use laws do and don’t do to protect you.

An American Dream: Growing Your Own Marijuana Plants

George Washington strolling among his lush hemp plants at Mount Vernon likely had no notion of the road ahead for cannabis. Until the prohibition of all things cannabis, hemp was one of the country’s most important cash crops.

Historical documents don’t indicate that Washington had any intention of using the plant for anything other than industrial purposes like rope and other fabric. However, we imagine that our current conflict over cannabis would be a big surprise to Washington, at a time in history when plant medicine was the only medicine.

Most people only dream of growing their own cannabis plants. And many who do grow them are doing so illegally. However, as long as you follow the guidelines and regulations set forth by the state of Virginia, you can participate in forging a new path—and a new history—for marijuana in the Commonwealth.

How to Get Started Growing Marijuana in Virginia

As of July 1, 2021, you can now grow your own marijuana plants in Virginia legally, as long as you follow the guidelines set forth by the marijuana grow laws in Virginia:

  • No more than four marijuana plants per household

  • Person growing marijuana must be 21 or older

  • Must take steps to prevent underage access

  • Plants must be labeled with name, state ID number, and a statement that the plants are for personal use

  • Cannabis plants must be out of public view

Where Can You Grow Marijuana Plants?

One of the main restrictions on growing marijuana in VA, according to senate bill 1406 and house bill 2312, will be precisely where you can grow them. You must take precautions to ensure that no one under 21 has access to the plants, and they must not be visible from any public location with the unaided eye.

Don't leave your plants growing in your windows or in your front yard flower bed, and make sure the kids aren't able to sneak in to steal your buds when you're not looking.

Can You Grow Marijuana Plants Outdoors in Virginia?

You can grow your plants outdoors as long as they can’t be seen from the road, a business, school, church, or other public building, and as long as they are in some sort of locked enclosure. This may be easier to achieve for people in Arcadia than in Norfolk, but not to worry, city-dwellers. You have plenty of indoor options, too!

Growing Cannabis Inside

There are lots of choices to make when setting up an indoor grow space, and some special considerations when using grow lights.

Because you need to make sure minors do not have access to your plants, it might be a good idea to choose a location you can keep locked. Additionally, the heat coming from grow lights can be a fire hazard, so you want to make sure your grow space is not full of flammables. Check out these other safety tips to keep in mind when planning your grow space.

You don’t actually need a whole lot of space, and a regular-sized closet is plenty for four plants. Basements and garages are another popular choice, but keep in mind that it isn’t safe to store gasoline and other flammable liquids in the same space as your plants.

The Best of Both Worlds - Grow Boxes

Grow boxes are an excellent way to make sure your plants are secure, while also keeping things safe. You can purchase grow boxes that are made for indoor or outdoor use, or you can simply make your own custom grow box to suit your needs.

How Many Cannabis Plants Can You Grow in Virginia?

You can grow up to four plants for personal use. This is the limit of the number of plants per household, so you can’t grow more than four plants even if there is more than one adult in your household.

The big question is, “What constitutes a household?” By most definitions, it includes people who live in the same home and share finances. If this is the case, then some homes may be able to grow more than four plants depending on their living arrangements.

Keep your limits in mind as you plan your cultivation this year. You probably won’t need more than one good grow light. That, and four ten-gallon buckets with soil, are really everything you need to get started. Well, and seeds. You’ll definitely want some seeds as well.

Where Can You Get Marijuana Seeds in Virginia?

This is a tough question to answer, because it's still technically illegal to buy marijuana seeds anywhere. Seeds can be gifted from one person to another, but they cannot be sold or traded.

Labeling Requirements for Growing Cannabis in VA

The other thing you need in order to comply with cultivation legalization in Virginia, is proper labeling. Each of your plants must be tagged with your name, driver’s license or state ID number, and a statement that the plants are for personal use.

When Will Your Cannabis be Ready for Harvest?

The amount of time it takes to grow your plants will depend heavily on the methods you use. Hydroponic systems can take as little as two to three months. Growing outside and counting on natural sun and rain, it could take as long as six months for your plants to mature.

What Can You Make With Homegrown Marijuana in Virginia?

One of the most exciting things about growing your own cannabis plants is that you have all the flexibility in the world in regard to what you can make with your buds! Virginia Marijuana Card will be posting plenty of articles about DIY cannabis products in the future, so stay tuned for how-tos about making tinctures, extracts, rosin, edibles, and more.

Do You Need a Marijuana Card to Grow Your Own Cannabis in Virginia?

You do not need a marijuana card in order to grow your own cannabis in Virginia. Adults 21 and over will legally be allowed to cultivate up to four marijuana plants regardless of patient status.

Why Get a Virginia Marijuana Card if You Can Grow Your Own Marijuana Without One?

There are several benefits to having a Virginia marijuana card, even if you plan to grow your own marijuana and adult-use possession is legal.

Access to Marijuana Products Now

Dispensaries will not be licensed to sell adult-use/recreational products until 2024, and consistent home-cultivation can be tricky for beginners. If you have a VA marijuana card, you can legally purchase a wide selection of cannabis products at Virginia dispensaries right now. Inventory is expanding, and flower is now available.

Employee Protections

Even though adult-use legalization is now in effect, your employer can test and terminate you for the presence of THC in your system. However, having a marijuana card may provide some protection from adverse action being taken against you if you are using medical marijuana on your own time and off the clock.

There are several exceptions, including people who work in the transportation industry, safety workers, and those who work for Federal contractors. And Virginia is an at-will state, which means that your employment can be terminated for just about any reason. However, Governor Northam signed a bill earlier this year that may prevent you from getting fired if you test positive for THC—provided you have a marijuana card.

Higher Possession Limits

When you have a marijuana card, you can possess up to four ounces of flower. The adult-use law will only allow for possession of one ounce.

Grow Your Own Marijuana Plants, But Get a VA Marijuana Card to Make the Most of Virginia Cannabis Laws

If you have a VA marijuana card, you really can make the most of the progressive legislation that Virginia has recently passed. Plan to get your garden in order, but get a marijuana card now, to start reaping the benefits of cannabis before harvest.

Give us a call at (888) 633-5808, or simply make an appointment online for a marijuana evaluation with one of our compassionate telehealth doctors.

Happy Growing, Virginia!


Doctors Who Care. Relief You Can Trust.

At Virginia Marijuana Card, our mission is helping everyone achieve wellness safely and conveniently through increased access to MMJ. Our focus on education, inclusion, and acceptance will reduce stigma for our patients by providing equal access to timely information and compassionate care.

Call us at (888) 633-5808, or simply book a medical marijuana evaluation to start getting relief you can trust today!

Check out Virginia Marijuana Card’s Blog to keep up to date on the latest medical marijuana news, tips, and information. Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram to join the medical marijuana conversation in Virginia!

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