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  • Christopher D.

Can You Use Marijuana and Buy a Gun in Virginia?

In Virginia, the intersection of marijuana use and gun ownership is a complex and often misunderstood topic. As the state navigates the changing landscape of marijuana legalization, individuals are left wondering about the implications on their Second Amendment rights.

Can you legally use marijuana and buy a gun in Virginia? In this blog post, we'll dive into the laws and regulations surrounding this issue and explore the advantages of obtaining a medical marijuana card, especially in light of the evolving legal framework.

The Second Amendment and Marijuana Use

The Second Amendment to the United States Constitution protects the right of Americans to keep and bear arms. This fundamental right is highly valued and vigorously defended by many, and it plays a significant role in the lives of Virginians.

The use of marijuana remains a federal offense under the Controlled Substances Act, despite various states, including Virginia, legalizing both medical and recreational marijuana. The federal government classifies marijuana as a Schedule I controlled substance, categorizing it alongside drugs like heroin and LSD. This federal stance creates a complex legal landscape, where state and federal laws clash.

Federal Firearm Laws

When it comes to purchasing and owning firearms, federal laws are clear. The Federal Gun Control Act prohibits the sale or possession of firearms by any person who unlawfully uses or is addicted to controlled substances. This includes marijuana. The key term here is "unlawfully," which is where the complexity arises due to the state-federal divide on marijuana legality.

Under federal law, the use of marijuana, even in states where it's legal, is considered unlawful. Therefore, if you use marijuana, you could be deemed ineligible to purchase or possess firearms. This applies to both recreational and medical marijuana users.

The federal government's stance on this matter has led to various high-profile cases and legal challenges, highlighting the intricate relationship between federal and state marijuana laws and their impact on Second Amendment rights.

State of Virginia and Marijuana Legalization

In Virginia, marijuana laws have evolved in recent years. The state legalized medical marijuana and decriminalized small amounts of marijuana for personal use. However, even with these changes, the federal prohibition on marijuana remains in effect.

To complicate matters further, the Virginia General Assembly passed a bill, effective July 1, 2021, explicitly prohibiting state and local law enforcement from aiding federal agencies in enforcing federal marijuana laws. While this bill aimed to protect state-legal marijuana users from federal prosecution, it doesn't necessarily address the issue of firearm ownership.

The Impact on Gun Owners

For individuals who are both gun owners and marijuana users, this legal conundrum presents challenges. Those who possess firearms and are caught using marijuana may face legal consequences, including the potential loss of their Second Amendment rights. To understand the specific implications, it's essential to consider the following:

  • Background Checks: When purchasing firearms through a licensed dealer, buyers are subject to background checks. These checks include questions about drug use and criminal history, potentially uncovering marijuana use.

  • Firearm Ownership: Existing gun owners who become medical marijuana users could face legal repercussions if their status is discovered.

  • Federal Investigations: Federal agencies may investigate individuals who possess firearms and are known to use marijuana, even in states with legal cannabis.

  • Legal Confusion: The complex interplay between state and federal laws creates confusion for individuals seeking to exercise their Second Amendment rights while using marijuana.

  • Medical Marijuana Users: Even individuals using medical marijuana, legally in Virginia, may be subject to federal firearm restrictions.

The Importance of Medical Marijuana Cards

In the midst of this legal uncertainty, obtaining a medical marijuana card in Virginia can provide some clarity and advantages. Here's why it's a path worth considering:

  • Legal Protection: By obtaining a medical marijuana card, you establish your legal use of marijuana within the bounds of Virginia's state laws. While this doesn't negate federal restrictions, it demonstrates that your marijuana use is in compliance with state regulations.

  • Access to Medical Dispensaries: Medical marijuana cardholders gain access to state-licensed medical dispensaries, providing a reliable and regulated source of cannabis products. This ensures quality and safety in your medical treatment.

  • Tailored Treatment: Medical marijuana is specifically designed to address various medical conditions, providing patients with strains and products suited to their unique needs. This targeted approach to treatment can be invaluable for managing chronic pain, anxiety, and other health issues.

  • Higher THC Limits: For individuals requiring higher levels of THC for their medical treatment, a medical marijuana card is crucial. It allows access to products with higher THC concentrations, ensuring that patients receive the full therapeutic benefits they need.

  • Avoiding Legal Complications: Medical marijuana cardholders may avoid some of the legal complications associated with recreational marijuana use. While federal restrictions still apply, possessing a medical card demonstrates a legitimate medical need for marijuana.

How to Obtain a Medical Marijuana Card

Obtaining a medical marijuana card in Virginia is a straightforward process:

  • Qualification: Consult a qualified healthcare provider to determine if your medical condition qualifies for medical marijuana treatment.

  • Documentation: Your healthcare provider will complete the necessary documentation, which is typically submitted to the state's medical marijuana program.

  • Application: Complete the application process, including providing personal information and paying any required fees.

  • Approval: Once your application is approved, you will receive your medical marijuana card, granting you access to medical dispensaries and regulated products.


The intersection of marijuana use and gun ownership in Virginia is a complex and evolving issue. The federal stance on marijuana's legality continues to conflict with state laws, creating uncertainty for individuals who value their Second Amendment rights. While legal battles and challenges persist, obtaining a medical marijuana card can provide legal protection, access to specialized treatment, and higher THC limits for those who require it.

As Virginia's marijuana laws evolve, staying informed about the legal landscape and making informed decisions about your health and rights is crucial. Whether you're considering medical marijuana or recreational use, your choices can have a significant impact on your well-being and your ability to exercise your Second Amendment rights.

Get Your Medical Marijuana Card Today

Lucky for you, medical marijuana is already legal in Virginia! You can get your medical marijuana card today if you have a qualifying condition and see if cannabis helps with your depressive symptoms.

Recreational marijuana is legal in Virginia too, but it does not mean much since there are no recreational dispensaries to purchase products from.

There are also countless benefits to having your medical card in a recreational state! You will save money on taxes and cannabis products and enjoy higher possession and purchase limits if you have your medical card in Virginia!

In order to qualify for your medical marijuana card, you will need to have a condition that would make you eligible. If you aren’t sure if you would qualify, give us a call and we can answer any questions you may have about the process.

If you don’t already have your card, no worries. We can help! If you think you could benefit from medical marijuana, there is a good chance you would qualify for your medical card in the State of Virginia. With telemedicine, it is now easier than ever to get your medical card from the comfort of your own home!

In Virginia, any inhibiting condition could qualify you for your medical card. If you don’t already have it, we can help! Schedule an evaluation online today and we’ll make an appointment for you with one of our knowledgeable, compassionate doctors.


Doctors Who Care.

Relief You Can Trust.

At Virginia Marijuana Card, our mission is helping everyone achieve wellness

safely and conveniently through increased access to MMJ. Our focus on

education, inclusion, and acceptance will reduce the stigma for our patients by

providing equal access to timely information and compassionate care.

Call us at (888) 633-5808, or simply book a medical marijuana evaluation to start getting relief you can trust today!

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